Amethyst gemstone has very long and impressive history and it was very well known in ancient times. Amethyst has been associated to different religions from ancient times to this day. Amethyst was the ninth gem (the third stone of third row) in the High Priest’s breastplate. Amethyst is still called the bishop’s gemstone in the Roman Catholic Church and is worn by the highest ranks of the clergy. Furthermore it is ranked among the precious stones of the bible and was one of the gems used in the foundation of the New Jerusalem. The beautiful purple color of amethyst has been always attractive for royal families as the purple color was considered to be the symbol of power. Therefore the terms “royal purple” and “born to the purple are originated from this fact. Its deep color has long been associated with wine and the word amethyst comes from the Greek “amethystos” meaning “not drunk”. The ancient Greeks (and also Egyptians) believed that amethyst could cure drunkenness by placing the gemstone directly under the tongue. In addition to that its magical power was extended to protect the wearer against all types of harm. For instance one ancient belief held that if the name of the sun or moon was engraved upon amethyst and the gemstone hung about the neck by the hair of a baboon or the feathers of a swallow, its wearer would be safe from hailstorms. Amethyst is considered as the symbol of love as it is believed that Saint Valentine has worn an amethyst engraved with the figure Cupid. It is believed that amethyst has the magical power of making one’s love life smooth and bring long lasting happiness to lovers. The Romans believed that women who wore amethyst would be better able to keep their husbands and lovers.